6 definition(s) found in 6 dictionary(ies). Click on dictionary name to show/hide that dictionary. Click on entry number to focus/unfocus on that entry.
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βάρβαρος, βάρβαρος, βάρβαρον, non-Greek, foreign
- Ibarbarous, i. e. not Greek, foreign, known to Hom., as appears from the word βαρβαρόφωνος in Il.:—as Subst. βάρβαροι, οἱ, originally all that were not Greeks, specially the Medes and Persians, Hdt., Attic: so the Hebrews called the rest of mankind Gentiles. From the Augustan age however the name was given by the Romans to all tribes which had no Greek or Roman accomplishments.
- IIafter the Persian war the word took the sense of outlandish, ἀμαθὴς καὶ βάρβαρος Ar.; βαρβαρώτατος id=Ar., Thuc.