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prīmĭcērĭus, ii, m. primus - cera; whose name stands first on the wax-coated tablets; hence,
- Ithe first among those holding a similar office, a chief, head, superintendent (post-class.): primicerius in officio Praefectorum Praetorio, Veg. Mil. 2, 21: protectorum, of the guard, Amm. 18, 3, 5: notariorum, the chancellor or chief of the secretaries, Cod. Th. 11, 18, 1: sacri cubiculi, the head-chamberlain, Cod. Just. 12, 28, 1 et saep.
prīmĭcērĭus, ĭī, m. (primus, cera), [en tête des tablettes] le premier dʼun ordre, dʼun corps, chef : Veg. Mil. 2, 21 || primicier, officier de la cour des empereurs : sacri cubiculi Cod. Just. 12, 28, 1, grand chambellan.
prīmi-cērius, ī m (primus en cera, eig. diegene, wiens naam bovenaan op het met was bestreken schrijftafeltje staat) (Laatl.) aanvoerder, leider.
PRIMICE´RIUSa name given to various officers and dignitaries under the later Roman empire, is explained by:Suidas (s. v.) to be the person who holds the first rank in anything. The etymology of the word is doubtful: it is supposed that a person was called Primiceriusbecause his name stood first in the wax (cera), that is, the tablet made of wax, which contained a list of persons of any rank.
The word Primicerius does not seem. to have been always applied to the person who was at the head of any department of the state or army, but also to the one second in command or authority; as, for instance, the Primicerius Sacri Cubiculi,who was under the Praepositus Sacri Cubiculi.[PRAEPOSITUS] Various Primicerii are mentioned, as the Primicerius Domesticorumand Protectorum(Cod. 12, 17, 2), Fabricae(Cod. 11, 9, 2), Mensorum(Cod. 12, 28, 1), Notariorum(Cod. 12, 7), &c.