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posca (pusca, Veg. Vet. 2, 48
), ae, f. perh. πόω, poto,
- Ian acidulous drink of vinegar and water, Plaut. Mil. 3, 2, 23; id. Truc. 2, 7, 48; Cels. 4, 5 fin.; Plin. 27, 4, 12, § 29; 28, 5, 14, § 56; Scrib. Comp. 46; Suet. Vit. 12; Spart. Hadr. 10; cf.: posca, ὀξύκρατον, πόσις, Gloss. Philox.
posca, (16) æ, f. , oxycrat = ὀξύκρατον Gloss. [mélange dʼeau et de vinaigre] : Pl. Mil. 836 ; Truc. 610 ; Plin. 27, 29 ; Cels. Med. 4, 5, fin.
POSCAvinegar mixed with water, was the common drink of the lower orders among the Romans (Suet. Vitell.12), of slaves (Plaut. Mil.3.2, 23), and of soldiers on service (Spart. Hadr.10). As to the theory that the celebrated acetumof Liv. 21.37was posca(see Capes ad loc.), it is well known that some rocks, as limestone, can be split by any cold liquid poured over them when they are hot, and so more easily cut into a roadway (see Blümner, Technol.3.71). Hennebert (Annibal,2. p. 253; Paris, 1878) tries elaborately to establish an explosive property for some composition called ὄξοςor acetum.
(ὀξύκρατον). A drink of vinegar, water, and egg beaten together, much drunk by the lower classes at Rome and by the soldiers, and suggesting the New England “switchel” ( Vitell. 12). It was this drink that was given to the Saviour on a sponge, as he hung upon the cross.