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τέττιξ, a kind of grasshopper, the cicala, Lat. cicada
τέττιξ, ῑγος (but ῑκος Ar. and Theoc. acc. to Hdn.Gr. ap. Choerob. in Theod.1.292
- Acicala, Cicada plebeia or allied species, a winged insect fond of basking on trees, when the male makes a chirping or clicking noise by means of certain drums or ‘tymbals’ underneath the wings, whence the joke in Xenarch.14, εἶτʼ . . οἱ τέττιγες οὐκ εὐδαίμονες, ὧν ταῖς γυναιξὶν οὐδʼ ὁτιοῦν φωνῆς ἔνι; prov., τέττιγος ἐδράξω πτεροῦ Archil.143 (v. συλλαμβάνω II.1). This noise is freq. used as a simile for sweet sounds, Il.3.151, Hes.Op.582, Sc.393, Simon.173, 174, etc.; and Plato calls them οἱ Μουσῶν προφῆται, Phdr.262d; but they also became a prov. for garrulity, λαλεῖν τέττιξ Aristopho10.7: τ. πολλοὶ γινόμενοι νοσῶδες τὸ ἔτος σημαίνουσι Thphr.Sign.54. They were thought to sing continually without food or drink, Ar.Nu. 1360, Pl.Phdr.259c; or on a diet of air and dew, Arist.HA532b13, Theoc.4.16, AP6.120 (Leon.), Anacreont.32, Plu.2.660f. The Greeks ate τέττιγες to whet the appetite, Ath.4.133b, cf. Ar.Frr.51, 569.4, Alex.162.13 (anap.), Anaxandr.41.59 (anap., unless here the τέττιξ ἐνάλιος is meant, v. infr. II); and as a medical remedy, Dsc. 2.51, Orib.Fr.64.
- 2 gold ornament worn in the hair (cf. χρύσειαι δὲ κόρυμβαι ἐπʼ αὐτῶν τέττιγες ὥς Asius Fr.Ep.13.5), esp. in early Attica, Th.1.6, Heraclid.Pont. ap. Ath.12.512c; ἀρχαῖα . . καὶ τεττίγων ἀνάμεστα, i.e. full of old-fashioned notions, Ar.Nu.984 (anap.), v. Sch.(980) and cf. τεττιγοφόρας; γυνὴ . . ἔχει τ. ἐπιχρύσους, in a list of votive offerings at Samos, Michel832.51 (iv B.C.).
- 3 Com. name for a foreign cook, Ath.14.659a, Hsch., cf. Poll.4.148,150.
- 4 Ἀκάνθιος τ., prov. of a silent person, Zen.1.51, St.Byz. s.v. Ἄκανθος.
- II τ. ἐνάλιος a kind of lobster, Arctos ursus, Ael.NA13.26.
- III part of the ear, τοῦ λοβοῦ τὸ περὶ τῇ κυψέλῃ Poll.2.86.
τέττιξ , ῑγος: tettix or cicada, an insect whose note was greatly liked by the ancients, Il. 3.151†.