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donativum, a largess, distribution of money to the army
dōnātīvum, (11) ī, n. (dono), largesse faite par lʼempereur aux soldats : Tac. H. 1, 18 ; Suet. Nero 7 ; etc.
dōnātīvum, ī n (dono) keizerlijk geschenk in geld, dat door de keizer bij bijzondere gebeurtenissen (troonsbestijgingen e.d.) aan de soldaten werd uitgedeeld.
A present of money made to Roman soldiers. In the republican age donatives were distributed on the occasion of a triumph, the expense being defrayed out of the money raised by selling the spoil. Under the Empire it was usual for the emperor to grant a donativum on his accession. Tiberius on this occasion made a present of some $3,750,000 to the army; and the sum increased in later reigns. After the time of Claudius it became the fashion for the emperor to purchase the favour of the praetorians by a special largess. See Congiarium; Praetoriani.