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Orontēs, is, ī, or ae: a leader of the Lycians and companion of Aeneas, 6.334.
1 Ŏrontēs, (14) æ, is ou ī, m. (Ὀρόντης), ¶ 1 lʼOronte [fleuve de Syrie] : Plin. 5, 79 || -ēus, a, um, de lʼOronte : Prop. 1, 2, 3 ¶ 2 chef des Lyciens, un des compagnons dʼÉnée : Virg. En. 1, 220.
2 Orontēs, ium, m. , peuple de la Mésopotamie : Plin. 6, 118.
Orontēs, is en ī m rivier in Syrië, nu de Nahr el Assi; — adj. Orontēus, a, um ook Syrisch [murra].
ORONTES(Ὀρόντης), the most renowned river of Syria, used by the poet Juvenal for the country, in Tiberim defluxit Orontes.(Juv. iii.) Its original name, according to Strabo, was Typhon (Τυφών), and his account both of its earlier and later names, follows his description of Antioch. The river Orontes flows near the city. This river rising in Coele-Syria, then sinking beneath the earth, again issues forth, and, passing through the district of Apamea to Antiocheia, after approaching the city, runs off to the sea towards Seleuceia. It received its name from one Orontes, who built a bridge over it, having been formerly called Typhon, from a mythic dragon, who being struck with lightning, fled in quest of a hiding-place, and after marking out the course of the stream with its trail, plunged into the earth, from whence forthwith issued the fountain.He places its embouchure 40 stadia from Seleuceia (16. p. 750). He elsewhere places the source of the river more definitely near to Libanus and the Paradise, and the Egyptian wall, by the country of Apamea (p. 756). Its sources have been visited and described in later times by Mr. Barker in 1835. The river is called by the people El-‘A´si,‘the rebel,’from its refusalto water the fields without the compulsion of water-wheels, according to Abulfeda (Tab. Syr.p. 149), but according to Mr. Barker, from its occasional violence and windings, during a course of about 200 miles in a northerly direction, passing through Hemsand Hamah,and finally discharging itself into the sea at Suwëidiahnear Antioch.(Journal of the Geog. Soc.vol. 7. p. 99.) The most remote of these sources is only a few miles north of Baalbek,near a village called Labweh,at the foot of the range of Anti-libanus on the top of a hillock, near which passes a small stream, which has its source in the adjoining mountains, and after flowing for several hours through the plain, falls into the basin from which springs the Orontes.These fountains are about 12 hours north of Labweh,near the village Kurmul,where is a remarkable monument, square, and solid, terminating above in a pyramid from 60 to 70 feet high. On the four sides hunting scenes are sculptured in relief, of which the drawing borders on the grotesque.(Robinson, Journal of Geog. Soc.vol. 24. p. 32.) There can be no difficulty in connecting this monument with the Paradise or hunting park mentioned by Strabo near the source of the Orontes, similar, no doubt, in origin and character, to those with which the narrative of Xenophon abounds, within the territories of the Persian monarchs. The rise and course of this river and its various tributaries has been detailed by Col. Chesney (Expedition,vol. i. pp. 394--398), and the extreme beauty of its lower course between Antioch and the sea has been described in glowing terms by Captains Irby and Mangles. (Travels,pp. 225, 226.)
ORONTES(Ὀρόντης, Ptol. 6.2.4), a mountain chain of Media, which extended in a south-east direction, passing the Ecbatana of Greater Media (Hamadán). It must be considered as an outlying portion of the still greater chain of the Zagros. It is now called the Erwendor Elwend.It is probable that the name is preserved in the celebrated mountain of Kurdistán,now called Rowándiz.In Armenian geography this mountain district is called Erovántúni;which is evidently connected with the ancient Orontes. (St. Martin, Armenia,vol. ii. pp. 363, 429.)
ORONTESa people of ancient Assyria, described by Pliny as being to the east of Gaugamela (6.26. s. 30). There can be no doubt that these are the present Rowándi,a tribe living, as in ancient times, about the great mountain Rowándiz,in Kurdistán,and doubtless connected with the Orontes of Ptolemy ZYZ(Ptol. 6.2.4). They derive, their name from Erwend,a pure old Persian root, which was usually Hellenized into Orodes or Orontes. (Rawlinson, Journ. of Geog. Soc.10. p. 73.)
(Ὀρόντης). The largest river of Syria, rising in the Anti-Libanus, flowing past Antioch, and falling into the sea at the foot of Mount Pieria. Its earlier name was Typhon (Strabo, p. 750).
Orontes, Indian giant
Orontes(2), river of Syria
Paus. 6.2.7, Paus. 8.20.2, Paus. 8.33.3, Paus. 10.20.5
diverted by Roman emperor into navigable canal: Paus. 8.29.3
body of giant found in: Paus. 8.29.4