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ὀφθαλμός, ὀφθαλμός, ὀφθαλμοῦ, ὁ, eye
ὀφθαλμός, ὁ, (ὄπωπ-α, ὀφ-θῆναι,
- Av. ὄψ B) eye, used by Hom. and Hes. mostly in pl.; ὀφθαλμοὶ δʼ ὡς εἰ κέρα ἕστασαν . . ἀτρέμας ἐν βλεφάροισι Od.19.211: sg., παίειν τινὰ ἐς τὸν ὀ. Hdt.9.22: the pl. continued most common, but the dual also occurs, as in Ar.Nu.362: pl. is used in many phrases, ἐλθέμεν ἐς ὀφθαλμούς τινος before oneʼs eyes, Il.24.204; οὐδʼ Ἀχιλῆος ὀφθαλμοὺς εἴσειμι ib.463; ὀφθαλμοῖσιν ἰδεῖν, ὁρᾶσθαι, etc., 10.275, Od.4.47, etc.; but ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖσιν ὁρᾶν, νοεῖν, to see before oneʼs eyes, 8.459, Il.24.312; ἔχειν ἐν ὀ. to have before oneʼs eyes, X.An.4.5.29; τὰ ἐν ὀ. what is before oneʼs eyes, Pl.Tht.174c; τὸ ἐν τοῖς ὀ. δὴ γελοῖον what was ridiculous to the eye, Id.R.452d; ἐπίπροσθε τῶν ὀ. Id.Smp.213a; πρὸ τῶν ὀ. προφαίνεσθαι Aeschin.2.148; ἐπʼ ὀφθαλμῶν Luc. Tox.20; γενέσθαι τινὶ ἐξ ὀφθαλμῶν to get out of any oneʼs sight, Hdt.5.106; ἐξ ὀ. ἀποπέμψασθαι Id.1.120; ἐξ ὀ. ποιεῖν Alciphr. 3.20; κατʼ ὀφθαλμοὺς λέγειν τινί to tell one to oneʼs face, opp. εἰς οὖς, Ar.Ra.626; τυράννου κατʼ ὀ. κατηγορεῖν to accuse him to his face, X. Hier.1.14: sg. in the phrase πρὸς ὀφθαλμὸν ἐπιχεῖν, μίσγειν, by eye, PHolm.7.23, PLeid.X.62; eyes were painted on the bows of vessels, βλοσυροῖς κατὰ πρῷραν ὀφθαλμοῖς οἷον βλέπει Philostr.Im.1.19, cf. IG22.1607.24, Poll.1.86; whence the joke in Ar.Ach.97.
- 2 στέρησις ὀφθαλμῶν temporary loss of sight, Gal.17(1).400.
- II in sg., the eye of a master or ruler, πάντα ἰδὼν Διὸς ὀ. Hes.Op.267; Δίκης ὀ. ὃς τὰ πάνθʼ ὁρᾷ Men.Mon.179; δεσπότου ὀ. X.Oec.12.20; ἀκοίμητος ὀ., of God, Secund.Sent.3; so a king is called ὀ. οἴκων A.Ch.934 (so ὄμμα Pers. 169); and in Persia ὀφθαλμὸς βασιλέως the kingʼs eye was a confidential officer, through whom he beheld his kingdom and subjects, A.Pers.979(lyr.), Hdt.1.114, Ar.Ach.92, X.Cyr.8.2.10 sq., Arist.Pol. 1287b29, Ph.1.642; cf. οὖς.
- III the eye of heaven, ἑσπέρας ὀ., νυκτὸς ὀ., of the moon, Pi.O.3.20, A.Th.390; also οὐράνιος ὀ., of the sun, Secund.Sent.5.
- IV the dearest, best, as the eye is the most precious part of the body, hence of men, ὀ. Σικελίας, στρατιᾶς, Pi.O.2.10, 6.16; also, light, cheer, comfort, μέγας <γʼ> ὀ. οἱ πατρὸς τάφοι S.OT 987, cf. E.Andr.406.
- V eye or bud of a plant or tree, Alcm.43, Ion Eleg.1.6, Hp.Nat.Puer.26, X.Oec. 19.10, Thphr.HP1.8.5, etc.
- VI a surgical bandage covering one or both eyes, Hp.Off.7, Heliod. ap. Orib. 48.29,30.
- VII Archit., in dual, the disks forming the centres of the volutes of an Ionic capital, IG12.374.291.
ὀφθαλμός (root ὀπ, cf. oculus): eye; freq., (ἐν) ὀφθαλμοῖσιν ὁρᾶσθαι, ‘see with oneʼs eyes’; ἐς ὀφθαλμοὺς ἐλθεῖν, ‘into oneʼs sight,’ Il. 24.204.
ὀφθαλμός, οῦ, ὁ,
from !οπ, Root of ὄψομαι, ὀφθῆναι
- Ithe eye, mostly in pl., Hom., etc.; ἐλθεῖν ἐς ὀφθαλμούς τινος to come before oneʼs eyes, Il.; ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖσιν before oneʼs eyes, Lat. in oculis, Hom., Attic; πρὸ τῶν ὀφθ. Aeschin.; ἐξ ὀφθαλμῶν out of oneʼs sight, Hdt.; κατʼ ὀφθαλμούς to oneʼs face, Ar.
- IIin sg. the eye of a master or ruler, πάντα ἰδὼν Διὸς ὀφθ. Hes.; so a king is called ὀφθ. οἴκων Aesch.; and in Persia ὀφθαλμὸς βασιλέως, the kingʼs eye, was a confidential officer, through whom he beheld his subjects, Hdt., Ar., etc.
- IIIἑσπέρας ὀφθ., νυκτὸς ὀφθ., of the moon, Pind.
- IVthe dearest, best, as the eye is the most precious part of the body, ὀφθαλμὸς Σικελίας id=Pind.; μέγας ὀφθαλμός a great comfort, Soph.
- Vthe eye or bud of a plant or tree, Xen.