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Antĭgŏnus, i, m., = Ἀντίγονος.
- I The name of several kings after Alexander the Great.
- A Antigonus I., father of Demetrius Poliorcetes, Nep. Eum. 5, 7; Cic. Off. 2, 14, 48; Just. 13.—
- B Antigonus Gonatas, son of Demetrius Poliorcetes, Just. 17, 1; 24, 1 al.—
- C Antigonus Doson, Liv. 40, 54; Just. 28, 3.—
- II Of other persons.
- A Antigonus of Cymae, a writer on Agriculture, Varr. R. R. 1, 1, 8, Col. 1, 1, 9.—
- B A plastic artist, Plin. 34, 8, 19, § 84.—
- C A messenger of king Deiotarus, Cic. Deiot. 15, 41.—
- D A Roman freedman, Cic. Fam. 13, 33.
Antĭgŏnus, (11) ī, m. , nom de plusieurs rois de Macédoine : Cic. Off. 2, 48 ; Nep. Eum. 5, 2 || écrivain : Varro R. 1, 1, 8 || affranchi : Cic. Fam. 13, 33.
(Ἀντίγονος). (1) King of Asia, surnamed the One-eyed (Μονόφθαλμος or Κύκλωψ), son of Philip of Elymiotis, and father of Demetrius Poliorcetes by Stratonicé. He was one of the generals of Alexander the Great, and in the division of the empire after the death of the latter (B.C. 323) he received the provinces of the Greater Phrygia, Lycia, and Pamphylia. On the death of the regent Antipater, in 319, he aspired to the sovereignty of Asia. In 316 he defeated and put Eumenes to death, after a struggle of nearly three years. He afterwards carried on war, with varying success, against Seleucus, Ptolemy, Cassander, and Lysimachus. After the defeat of Ptolemy's fleet in 306, Antigonus assumed the title of king, and his example was followed by Ptolemy, Lysimachus, and Seleucus. Antigonus and his son Demetrius were at length defeated by Lysimachus at the decisive battle of Ipsus, in Phrygia, in 301. Antigonus fell in the battle, in the eighty-first year of his age. (2) Gonatas, son of Demetrius Poliorcetes, and grandson of the preceding. He assumed the title of king of Macedonia after his father's death in Asia in 283, but he did not obtain possession of the throne till 277. He was driven out of his kingdom by Pyrrhus of Epirus in 273, but recovered it in the following year. He died in 239. He was succeeded by Demetrius II. (3) Doson (so called because he was always about to give but never did), son of Demetrius of Cyrené, and grandson of Demetrius Poliorcetes. On the death of Demetrius II., in 229, he was left guardian of his son Philip, but married the widow of Demetrius, and became king of Macedonia himself. He supported the Achaean League against Cleomenes, king of Sparta, whom he defeated at Sellasia in 221, and took Sparta. He died 220. (4) A Greek of Carystus, who wrote (about B.C. 240) a summary of curious and interesting facts and fictions regarding natural history. The work is extant in an abbreviated form, and is valuable because of its numerous quotations from lost writings. Ed. by Westermann (Brunswick, 1839). See Köpke, De Antig. Carystio (1862).
Antigonus, father of Demetrius
Paus. 1.6.5, Paus. 6.16.2, Paus. 10.10.2
expels Seleucus: Paus. 1.6.4
besieges Ptolemy in Egypt: Paus. 1.6.6
defeated and slain by Seleucus: Paus. 1.6.7, Paus. 1.16.1
statues at Olympia and Delphi: Paus. 6.11.1, Paus. 6.16.2, Paus. 10.10.2
Antigonus(2), regent of Macedonia
guardian of Philip, son of Demetrius: Paus. 2.8.4, Paus. 6.16.3, Paus. 8.8.11
friend of Aratus and Achaeans: Paus. 2.9.3, Paus. 8.8.11
makes peace with Cleomenes, king of Sparta: Paus. 7.7.3ff.
defeats Cleomenes at Sellasia: Paus. 2.9.2, Paus. 7.7.4, Paus. 8.49.5, 6
statue at Olympia: Paus. 6.16.3
Antigonus(3), son of Demetrius
king of Macedonia: Paus. 2.34.1
defeated by Lysimachus: Paus. 1.10.2
recovers Macedonia, 1. 13. 7, Paus. 1.16.2
sends contingent against Gauls: Paus. 10.20.5
defeated by Pyrrhus: Paus. 1.13.2
encounters Pyrrhus at Argos: Paus. 1.13.7
aids Aristotimus, tyrant of Elis: Paus. 5.5.1
invades Attica: Paus. 1.1.1, Paus. 1.7.3, Paus. 1.30.4, Paus. 3.6.4ff.
introduces Macedonian garrison into Athens: Paus. 3.6.6
receives Antagoras and Aratus of Soli: Paus. 1.2.3
statue at Olympia: Paus. 6.15.7
Antigonus(4), suitor of Penelope