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Ammōn, better Hammon, ōnis, m. Egypt. Amun, = Ἄμμων,
- Ia name of Jupiler, worshipped in Africa under the form of a ram (on the present oasis Siwah). Connected with his temple was an oracle often consulted by the ancients; cf. Cat. 7, 5 sqq.; Curt. 4, 7; Luc. 9, 511 al.—Whence Ammonis cornu, a gold-colored precious stone of the shape of a ram's horn, ammonite, Plin. 37, 10, 60, § 167.—Hence,
- II Ammōnĭăcus, a, um, belonging to Ammon (Africa, Libya): sal, Plin. 31, 7, 39, § 79; Col. 6, 17, 7; Ov. Med. Fac. 94.—Ammō-nĭăcum, i, n. subst., a resinous gum, which distils from a tree near the temple of Jupiter Ammon: Ammoniaci lacrima, Plin. 12, 23, 49, § 107: Ammoniaci lacrimae, id. 20, 18, 75, § 197: Ammoniaci guttae, Scrib. Comp. 28, 35; Cels. 5, 5.
1 Ammōn, (13) ou Hammōn, ōnis, m. , nom de Jupiter chez les Libyens : Curt. 4, 7, 5 ; Cic. Nat. 1, 82 || Ammonis cornu Plin. 37, 167, ammonite || -nĭăcus, a, um, dʼAmmon : Plin. 31, 79 || -nĭăcum, ī, n. , gomme ammoniaque : Plin. 12, 107, etc.
2 Ammōn, indécl., fils de Loth qui a donné son nom aux Ammonites.
or Hammon (Egyptian Amun, the hidden or veiled one). A god native to Libya and Upper Egypt. He was represented sometimes in the shape of a ram with enormous curving horns, sometimes in that of a ram-headed man, sometimes as a perfect man standing up or sitting on a throne. On his head were the royal emblems, with two high feathers standing up, the symbols of sovereignty over the upper and under worlds; in his hands were the sceptre and the sign of life. In works of art his figure is coloured blue. Beside him is usually placed Muth (the “mother,” the “queen of darkness,” as the inscriptions call her), wearing the crown of Upper Egypt or the vulture-skin. His chief temple, with a far-famed oracle, stood in an oasis of the Libyan desert, twelve days' journey from Memphis. Between this oracle and that of Zeus at Dodona a connection is said to have exAmmon and Muth. isted from very ancient times, so that the Greeks early identified the Egyptian god with their own Zeus, as the Romans did afterwards with their Iupiter; and his worship found an entrance at several places in Greece—at Sparta, Thebes, and also Athens—whence festal embassies were regularly sent to the Libyan sanctuary. (See Theoria.) When the oracle was consulted by visitors, the god's symbol, made of emerald and other stones, was carried round by women and girls, to the sound of hymns, on a golden ship hung round with votive cups of silver. His replies were given in tremulous shocks communicated to the bearers, which were interpreted by a priest.
origin of name: Paus. 4.23.10
oracle in Libya consulted by Lacedaemonians: Paus. 3.18.3, by Eleans: Paus. 5.15.11, by Hannibal: Paus. 8.11.11
identified with Zeus: Hdt. 1.46, Hdt. 2.32, Hdt. 2.55
his prediction concerning the exposure of Andromeda to the sea beast: Apollod. 2.4.2
appears to Lysander: Paus. 3.18.3
revered by people of Aphytis in Pallene: Paus. 3.18.3
sanctuary at Sparta: Paus. 3.18.3, and at Gythium: Paus. 3.21.8
temple at Thebes: Paus. 9.16.1
image dedicated by Pindar: Paus. 9.16.1
hymn composed by Pindar: Paus. 9.16.1
altars dedicated by Eleans: Paus. 5.15.11, and by Ptolemy, son of Lagus: Paus. 9.16.1
square image with ram's horns: Paus. 8.32.1
image in chariot dedicated at Delphi by Cyrenians: Paus. 10.13.5
reputed father of Alexander: Paus. 4.14.8