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Vălĕrĭus (old form Vălĕsĭus, acc. to Fest. s. v. Aureliam, p. 23 Müll.; v. letter R), i, m.; Vălĕrĭa, ae, f., the name of a Roman
- I The favorite of the people, P. Valerius Publicola, Liv. 1, 58; 2, 2; 2, 8; Cic. Rep. 2, 31, 55; id. Leg. 2, 23, 58: Laevinum, Valerī genus, Hor. S. 1, 6, 12.—
- II The historian, Q. Valerius Antias, Gell. 1, 7, 10.—
- III The poets C. Valerius Flaccus and M. Valerius Martialis, Plin. Ep. 3, 21. —
- IV The writer of Memorabilia, Valerius Maximus, al.—As adjj.
- 1 Vălĕrĭus, a, um, of or belonging to a Valerius: gens, Cic. Fl. 1, 1; 11, 25: lex, of the interrex L. Valerius Flaccus, id. Agr. 3, 2, 6; id. Rosc. Am. 43, 125; of the Consul suffectus, 668 A. U. C., L. Valerius Flaccus, id. Font. 1: tabula, a place in the forum beside the Curia Hostilia (so called from the tablet erected there in memory of M. Valerius Maximus Messala, consul 491 A. U. C., victorious in Gaul, Schol. Bob. ad Cic. Vatin. p. 318 Orell.), Cic. Fam. 14, 2, 2; id. Vatin. 9, 21.—
- 2 Vălĕrĭānus, a, um, of or belonging to a Valerius, Valerian: praedatores, Sall. Fragm. ap. Non. 553, 24.
Vălĕrĭus, (8) ĭī, m. , nom de famille rom. ; nott P. Valérius Volusius Publicola [qui fut associé avec Brutus dans lʼexpulsion des Tarquins] : Cic. Rep. 2, 55 ; Liv. 1, 58, 6 ; 2, 2, 11 || Valerius Antias, Valérius dʼAntium, un des plus anciens historiens latins : Gell. 1, 7, 10 || Valérius Flaccus, poète épique latin || -ānus, a, um, de Valérius : Sall. fr. d. Non. 553, 24 ; Valeriani, m. pl., soldats de Valérius : Liv. 6, 9, 11 || -ĭus, a, um, de Valérius, des Valérius : lex Valeria Cic. Agr. 3, 6, loi Valéria.
(1) Antias. See Antias. (2) Maxĭmus, a Roman historian. Of his life we know only that he accompanied the proconsul Sextus Pompeius to Asia in A.D. 27 (ii. 6, 8). On his return he composed, between A.D. 29 and 32, a collection of historical anecdotes in nine books, Factorum et Dictorum Memorabilium Libri, which he dedicated to the emperor Tiberius. The book consists of an uncritical collection of extracts taken mostly from Livy and Cicero, but also from Sallust and Pompeius Trogus. These are divided into domestic and foreign instances under different headings, mostly descriptive of moral qualities, sometimes grouped according to subjects and sometimes not. The style is bad, and full of rhetorical declamation; the character of the compiler reveals itself in his gross flattery of Tiberius. Nevertheless, owing to the convenient selection of anecdotes which the book offered to orators and authors, it was much quoted in the succeeding generations down to the Middle Ages. It has come down to us with two epitomes, drawn up in late Roman times, by Iulius Paris and Ianuarius Nepotianus. The short dissertation De Praenominibus, appended to the work, has nothing to do with Valerius himself. It is an epitome drawn up by the above-mentioned Paris from the first portion of a work on Roman names by an unknown writer, who quotes old authorities on the subject, especially Varro. There are good texteditions of Valerius Maximus by Halm (Leipzig, 1865) and Kempf (2d ed. Leipzig, 1888); and with English notes on selected passages, by Smith (Boston, 1895). (3) Gaius Valerius Flaccus Balbus Setīnus, a Latin writer of epic verse, born at Setia, who flourished under Vespasian and Titus, and died before A.D. 90. We have an unfinished epic by him on the expedition of the Argonauts (Argonautica) in eight books, which was begun about the time of the destruction of Jerusalem (70), and was dedicated to Vespasian. The poem is a free paraphrase of the work of Apollonius Rhodius, with his characteristic style and manner, in language which, though careful and tastefully chosen, is sometimes difficult and obscure, and overladen with rhetorical adornment. Editions by Thilo (Halle, 1863); Schenkl (Berlin, 1871); and Bährens (Leipzig, 1875). See Peters, De Valerii Flacci Vita et Carmine (Königsberg, 1890). (4) Iulius Valerius, of Africa, who lived about the end of the third century A.D., and wrote a Latin translation of the Pseudo-Callisthenes. See Callisthenes. (5) Valentīnus. See Tappula Lex. (6) See Valeria Gens.