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αὐλή, αὐλή, ἡ, courtyard (noun)
αὐλή , ῆς: court - enclosure, court, court yard, farm-yard; the αὐλήof a mansion had gate-way, portico, stables, slave-quarters, altar, and rotunda (θόλος); see table III. An αὐλήis attributed to the cabin of Eumaeus, the swine-herd, Od. 14.5, to the tent of Achilles, Il. 24.452, and even to the cave of Polyphēmus, Od. 9.239.
prob. from ἄημι (ἄϝημι) to blow
, for the αὐλή was open to the air
- Iin Hom. the court-yard, surrounded with out-buildings, and having the altar of Ζεὺς Ἑρκεῖος in the middle, so that it was at once the meeting-place of the family, and the cattle-yard, Il.: it had two doors, viz. the house-door (cf. αὔλειος), and another leading through the αἴθουσα into the πρόδομος, Od.
- 2the wall of the court-yard, Il.
- IIafter Hom., the αὐλή was the court or quadrangle, round which the house itself was built, having a corridor (περιστύλιον), from which were doors leading into the menʼs apartments; opposite the house-door (cf. αὔλειος) was the μέσαυλος or μέταυλος (q.v.), leading into the womenʼs part of the house, Hdt., Attic
- IIIgenerally, any court or hall, Hom., Trag.